All publications are listed in reversed chronological order. Last update: March 2016.

Publications

Smodlaka, H., Khamas, W.A., Palmer, L., Lui, B., Borovac, J.A., Cohn, B.A.Ψ, & L. Schmitz (2016). Eye histology and ganglion cell topography of the Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris). The Anatomical Record (published online before print). DOI:10.1002/ar.23342 Ψ undergraduate student

Price, S.A., & L. Schmitz (2016). A promising future for integrative biodiversity research: an increased role of scale-dependency and functional biology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371: 20150228. SAP and LS contributed equally to this paper

Fang, C. Ψ, Schmitz, L., & P. M. Ferree (2015). An Unusually Simple HP1 Gene Set in Hymenopteran Insects. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 93(6): 596-603. Ψ undergraduate student

Cohn, B. A. Ψ, Collin, S. P., Wainwright, P. C., & L. Schmitz* (2015). Retinal topography maps in R: New tools for the analysis and visualization of spatial retinal data. Journal of Vision, 15(9):19, 1–10. Ψ undergraduate student *corresponding author.

Angielczyk, K. D. & L. Schmitz* (2014). Nocturnality in synapsids predates the origin of mammals by over 100 million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281:20141642. *corresponding author.

Price, S. A., Schmitz, L., Oufiero, C.E., Eytan, R., Dornburg, A., Smith, W., Friedman, M., Near, T. & P.C. Wainwright (2014). Two waves of niche-filling straddling the K-Pg boundary formed the modern reef fish fauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281:20140321.

Schmitz L, Motani R, Oufiero CE, Martin CH, McGee MD, Wainwright PC (2013): Potential enhanced ability of giant squid to detect sperm whales is an exaptation tied to their large body size. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13:226.

Froebisch, N., Froebisch, J., Sander, P.M.*, Schmitz, L.* & O. Rieppel (2013). A macropredatory ichthyosaur from the Middle Triassic and the origin of modern trophic networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (4): 1393-1397. *corresponding author. NF, JF, PMS, and LS contributed equally to the paper.

Niemiller, M.L., Fitzpatrick, B.M., Shah, P., Schmitz, L. & T.J. Near (2013). Evidence for repeated loss of selective constraint in rhodopsin of amblyopsid cavefishes (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae). Evolution, 67 (3):732-748.

Schmitz, L., Motani, R., Oufiero, C.E., Martin, C.H., McGee, M.D, Gamarra, A.R., Lee, J.J., & P.C. Wainwright (2013). Allometry indicates giant eyes of giant squid are not exceptional. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13: 45.

Kelley, N.P., Motani, R., Jiang, D., Rieppel, O. & L. Schmitz (2012). Selective extinction of Triassic marine reptiles during long-term sea level changes illuminated by seawater strontium isotopes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Published online Aug. 3, 2012

Schmitz, L. & R. Motani (2011). Response to Comment on "Nocturnality in dinosaurs inferred from scleral ring and orbit morphology". Science, 334: 1461.

Schmitz, L. & P.C. Wainwright (2011). Nocturnality constrains morphological and functional diversity in the eyes of reef fishes. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11: 338.

Schmitz, L. & R. Motani (2011). Nocturnality in dinosaurs inferred from scleral ring and orbit morphology. Science, 332: 705-708.

Motani, R. & L. Schmitz (2011). Phylogenetic versus functional signals in the evolution of form-function relationships in terrestrial vision. Evolution, 65: 2245-2257.

Schmitz, L. & P.C. Wainwright (2011). Ecomorphology of the eyes and skull in zooplanktivorous labrid fishes. Coral Reefs, 30: 415-428.

Schmitz, L. & R. Motani (2010). Morphological differences between the eyeballs of nocturnal and diurnal amniotes revisited from optical perspectives of visual environments. Vision Research, 50: 936-946.

Schmitz, L., Thies, D. & J. Kriwet (2010). Two new lamniform sharks (Leptostyrax stychi sp. nov. and Protolamna sarstedtensis sp. nov.) from the Early Cretaceous of NW Germany. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie, 257: 283-296.

Jiang., D., Rieppel., O., Motani, R., Hao, W., Sun, Y., Tintori, A., Sun, Z. & L. Schmitz (2009): Biodiversity and sequence of the Middle Triassic Panxian Marine Reptile Fauna, Guizhou Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 83: 451-459.

Schmitz, L. (2009): Quantitative estimates of visual performance features in fossil birds. Journal of Morphology, 270: 759-773.

Jiang., D., Rieppel., O., Motani, R., Hao, W., Sun, Y., Schmitz, L. & Z. Sun (2008): A new Middle Triassic eosauropterygian (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) from Southwestern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28: 1055-1062.

Jiang, D., Motani, R., Hao, W., Schmitz, L., O. Rieppel, O., Sun, Y. & Z. Sun (2008): New primitive ichthyosaurian (Reptilia, Diapsida) from the Middle Triassic of Panxian (Guizhou, southwestern China) and its position in the Triassic Biotic Recovery. Progress in Natural Science, 18: 1315-1319.

Jiang, D., Motani, R., Rieppel, O., Schmitz, L., Hao, W., Sun, Y. & Z. Sun (2008): First record of Placodontoidea (Reptilia, Sauropterygia, Placodontia) from the Eastern Tethys. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28: 904-908.

Motani, R ., Jiang, D., Tintori, A., Sun, Y., Hao, W., Boyd, A., Hinic-Frlog, S., Schmitz, L., Shin, J. & Z. Sun (2008): Horizons and assemblages of Middle Triassic marine reptiles from Panxian, Guizhou, China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28: 900-903.

Jiang, D., Schmitz, L. , Motani, R., Hao, W., & Y. Sun (2007): The mixosaurid ichthyosaur Phalarodon cf. P. fraasi from the Middle Triassic of Guizhou Province, China. Journal of Paleontology, 81: 602-605.

Jiang, D., Schmitz, L., Hao, W. & Y. Sun (2006): A new mixosaurid ichthyosaur from the Middle Triassic of China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26: 60-69.

Schmitz, L. (2005): The taxonomic status of Mixosaurus nordenskioeldii (Ichthyosauria). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25: 983-985.

Jiang, D., Motani, R., Li, C., Hao, W., Sun, Y., Sun, Z., & L. Schmitz (2005): A marker of Triassic biotic recovery from the end-Permian extinction in the ancient Guizhou Sea. Acta Geologica Sinica ? English Edition, 79: 729-738.

Kriwet, J. & L. Schmitz (2005): New insight into the distribution and palaeobiology of the pycnodont fish Gyrodus. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 50: 49-56.

Schmitz, L., Sander, M., Rieppel, O. & G. Storrs (2004): The mixosaurs (Ichthyosauria, Mixosauridae) from the Middle Triassic of the Augusta Mountains (Nevada, USA) with the description of a new species. Palaeontographica, A, 270: 133-162.

Cuny, G., Ouaja, M., Srarfu, D., Schmitz, L., Buffetaut, E., & M. Benton (2004): Fossil sharks from the Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia. Revue de Paleobiologie, volume speciale, 9: 127-142.

Schmitz, L. (2003): Fischzaehne (Neoselachii; Actinopterygii) aus dem Unter-Barremium von NW-Deutschland. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie, 227: 175-199; Stuttgart.

Abstracts

Gee, B.*, Augustine, E.*, Chiappe, L., & L. Schmitz (2015). The importance of sensitivity analyses for the inference of function from structure. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Annual Meeting. [poster] *undergraduate student

Wang, S.S.*, & L. Schmitz (2015).The effect of eye size and habitat on the evolution of scleral thickness in mammals. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk] *undergraduate student

Wang, S.S.*, & L. Schmitz (2014). The effect of eye size and habitat on scleral thickness in mammals. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society for the Study of Evolution, and the Society of Systematic Biologists. [poster] *undergraduate student

Cohn, B.A.*, Collin, S., Wainwright, P.C. & L. Schmitz (2014). Influence of zooplanktivory on retinal ganglion cell topography in labrid reef fishes. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk] *undergraduate student

Niedermeyer, P.M. *, Shih, C.*, Halley, M.A.*, Osborn, J.L*. & L. Schmitz (2014). The effect of evolutionary transitions to diurnality on scleral ring and orbit morphology in birds. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk] *undergraduate student

Schmitz, L., Motani, R. & P.C. Wainwright (2013). Evolutionary drivers of giant eyes in large ocean predators. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Annual Meeting. [talk]

Angielczyk, K.D. & L. Schmitz (2013). Reconstructing the diel activity patterns of fossil nonmammalian synapsids. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk]

Price, S.A., Schmitz, L., Anderson, P.S.L., Boettiger, C.L. & P.C. Wainwright (2013). Comparing disparity between traits using the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck model: a test of functional constraints on the eyes of labrids. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk]

Schmitz, L., Motani, R., Oufiero, C.E., Martin, C.H., McGee, M.D, Gamarra, A.R., Lee, J.J., & P.C. Wainwright (2013). Allometry indicates giant eyes of Giant Squid are not exceptional. Annual Meeting of the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. [talk] *undergraduate student

Schmitz, L., Motani, R. & S. Hinic-Frlog (2012). Glossy feathers and nocturnal activity: inference of Microraptor feather colors using a phylogenetic framework. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Annual Meeting. [symposium talk]

Schmitz, L. (2012). Phylogenetic discriminant analysis in ecomorphology: a case study on the inference of diel activity patterns and feather color in dinosaurs. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society for the Study of Evolution, and the Society of Systematic Biologists. [invited symposium talk]

Price, S., Schmitz, L., Anderson, P., & P.C. Wainwright (2012). Do fish eyes evolve more slowly than fins, teeth and jaws? The promises and pitfalls of comparing rates of phenotypic evolution among functional systems. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society for the Study of Evolution, and the Society of Systematic Biologists. [talk]

Schmitz, L. & P.C. Wainwright (2012). Nocturnality limits morphological and functional diversity in the eyes of reef fishes. Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, Annual Meeting. [talk]

Smith, S.M., Angielczyk, K.D., Schmitz, L. & S.C. Wang (2012). How well do orbit dimensions predict diel activity in sciurid rodents? Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, Annual Meeting. [talk]

Schmitz, L. & P.C. Wainwright (2011). The effect of diel activity pattern on eye shape in reef fishes. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society for the Study of Evolution, and the Society of Systematic Biologists. [talk]

Schmitz, L. & S.A. Price (2010). Influence of body mass on the evolution of diel activity pattern in herbivorous mammals and implications for paleobiology. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, 159A [talk]

Motani, R. & L. Schmitz (2010). Phylogenetic bias in form-function relationships and its implication for the frequency of nocturnal dinosaurs. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, 138A.

Schmitz, L. & P.C. Wainwright (2010). Evolution of eye morphology and diet in coral reef fishes. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Naturalists, the Society for the Study of Evolution, and the Society of Systematic Biologists. [talk]

Schmitz, L. & R. Motani (2010). Inference of diel activity pattern suggests complex temporal resource and habitat partitioning among Mesozoic archosaurs. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50 (supplement 1): e157. [talk]

Froebisch, N., Froebisch, J., Klein, N., Schmitz, L. & M. Sander (2009): A large predatory ichthyosaur from the Anisian of Nevada and the diversification of Ichthyosauria after the end-Permian extinction. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29 (3, supplement): 101A.

Schmitz, L. (2008): Inference of diel activity pattern suggests complex temporal resource and habitat partitioning among Mesozoic archosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28 (3, supplement): 137A. [talk]

Schmitz, L., Motani, R., & A. Milner (2007): Diel activity pattern of Archaeopteryx. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27 (3, supplement): 142A. [poster]

Schmitz, L. (2006): Visual optics as important link between anatomy and ecology in fossil amniotes. Ancient Life and Modern Approaches. Abstracts of the Second International Paleontological Congress: 397. [talk]

Tintori, A., Schmitz, L., Jiang, D., Lombardo, C. & R. Motani (2006): Durophagy in Triassic marine vertebrates. Ancient Life and Modern Approaches. Abstracts of the Second International Paleontological Congress: 400.

Jiang, D., Hao, W., Sun, Y., Motani, R. & L. Schmitz (2006): First record of Placodontoidea (Reptilia, Sauropterygia, Placodontia) from the eastern Tethys. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 (3, supplement): 82A.

Motani, R., Milner, A., & L. Schmitz (2006): The first truly objective method for 3D removal of geological deformation with an application to the braincase of Archaeopteryx. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 (3, supplement): 103A.

Schmitz, L., Jiang, D., Motani, R., Hao, W., & Y. Sun (2005): Explosive radiation of durophagous marine reptiles during the post-Permian recovery. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25 (3, supplement): 110A. [talk]

Jiang, D., Hao, W, Sun, Y, Sun, Z., & L. Schmitz (2005): Two nothosaurids (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) from the Anisian (Middle Triassic) of southwestern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25 (3, supplement): 75A.

Jiang, D., Motani, R., Schmitz, L., Hao, W., & Y. Sun (2005): Explosive radiation of shell-eating marine reptiles during the post-Permian recovery. International Symposium on Triassic Chronostratigraphy and Biotic Recovery. Chaohu, China. Albertiana 33: 43.

Schmitz, L., Jiang, D., Motani, R., Hao, W., & Y. Sun (2005): Early radiation and geographic dispersal of ichthyopterygians (Reptilia, Diapsida). International Symposium on Triassic Chronostratigraphy and Biotic Recovery. Chaohu, China. Albertiana 33: 69. [talk]

Schmitz, L. (2004): Possibility of a thick sclera in ichthyosaurs and its implications for visual capabilities. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24 (3, supplement): 110A. [talk]

Jiang, D., Schmitz, L., & W. Hao (2004): Two species of Mixosauridae (Ichthyosauria) from the Middle Triassic of south-western China). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24 (3, supplement): 76A.

Schmitz, L. (2004): Inferring visual capabilities of the Triassic ichthyosaur Mixosaurus callawayi. International Geological Congress. [talk]

Schmitz, L. (2004): Mixosaurs (Ichthyosauria) from the Middle Triassic of Nevada (USA). Proceedings of the Oregon Academy of Science, XL: 34. [talk]

McCann, T., Hein, C., Schmitz, L., & A. Saintot. (2004): Cimmerian tectonics and the Upper Triassic-Lower Jurassic Tauric Series, Crimea, Ukraine. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 33: 104.

Schmitz, L. (2003): The mixosaurs (Ichthyosauria) from the Middle Triassic of Nevada (USA): implications for the systematics of the group. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontolgy, 23 (3, supplement): 74A. [poster]

Schmitz, L. & Sander, M. (2002): Phylogenetic implications of new mixosaur (Ichthyosauria) material from the Middle Triassic of Nevada (USA). - Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 21: 299-300. [poster]

Schmitz, L. (1999): Fischreste (Actinopterygier und Selachier) aus dem Osningsandstein (Unteres Barreme) von Halle/Westfalen im Teutoburger Wald [Fish teeth (actinopterygians and selachians from the Osning Sandstone (lower Barremian) of Halle/Westf. in the Teutoburg Forest]. - Terra Nostra, 99(8): 112; Berlin. [poster]